Farmers and related occupations cultivate arable crops, fruits and trees, and raise cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other livestock for consumption.


  • Ensures good environmental practice is observed in all tasks.
  • Maintains records of production, finance and breeding.
  • Arranges for the sale of crops, livestock and other farm produce.
  • Operates and maintains farm machinery such as combine harvesters, straw balers, milking machines and tractors.
  • Undertakes farm maintenance tasks such as fencing, hedging, cleaning and building maintenance.
  • Plants, propagates, sprays, fertilises and harvests field crops.
  • Feeds and waters animals, takes responsibility for livestock health and welfare, treats minor ailments and calls vet if necessary.

Typical Education Level

Level 2 NVQ; GCSE at grades A*-C

Will retirement created job openings

In the UK, 51% in this profession are aged 55 or above.* They will likely retire in the next 10 years, creating a demand for new workers

*This is based on national data

£20,477 Average wage

Average annual earnings

The current average wage for farmer is £20,477

4,460 positions

Current Employment

The number of jobs in the career for the current year is 4,460. Job counts include both employed and self-employed persons, and do not distinguish between full- and part-time jobs.


Job Postings

Over the past year, jobs have been posted for farmer roles.

How well does it pay?

Normal pay for this occupation is £20,477 per year. That is about £1,706 per month or £10.50 per hour. New workers generally start on £12,284, while highly experienced workers can earn as much as £36,389

Is it growing or declining?

This career has remained the same over the last 2 years, and is expected to remain the same over the next 4 years. Currently, 4,460 people are employed in the region.

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